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Premier guide de Bahrein !



ADLIYA

Adliya is a bohemian neighbourhood in Bahrain. Very multicultural and always busy, Adliya is a residential, commercial and a cultural spot in Bahrain.

Young families, expatriates and young Bahrainis reside in either villas or apartments in Adliya.

Cafés, retail stores, boutiques and galleries are scattered throughout the neighbourhood.

The heart of the neighbourhood, recently refurbished to include a pedestrian square, has old town houses that have been converted into chick international restaurants, cafés, bakeries and art galleries.

  AMWAJ ISLANDS

Amwaj Islands is a group of man-made islands purposely built as a residential gated community located in the northeast of Bahrain, near the coast of Muharraq.

Overlooking the sea and man-made lagoons, the community offers 100% freehold land ownership of villas and apartments to expatriates living in the Kingdom of Bahrain.

The island contains residential, commercial, service apartments and retail spaces, as well as a marina.

Amwaj is a true community with facilities that include a private school, a hospital, a fuel station, a fitness centre and a lagoon side dinning and café district.

JUFFAIR

Juffair is a neighbourhood located in Manama.

The area was reclaimed since the 1970s, but today is bustling with manyhotels, furnished apartments, restaurants and villas, mainly attracting single expatriates and young urban Bahrainis.

The offices of the Central Informatics Organization, Bahrain Society of Engineers, and the Bahrain Tribune newspaper are all located in Juffair.

The Bahrain School, an American school following an American curriculum and associated with the United States Department of Defence Education Activity (DoDEA), and Modern Knowledge School are both located in Juffair.

A new commercial strip in Juffair has now become a very "famous place" because of its restaurant and retail outlets such as McDonalds, Chilli’s, Nando’s, Dairy Queen and Starbucks.

There is a large supermarket and Post Office located in close proximity.

 SAAR

Saar is a suburb of Bahrain, alongside a village located northwest of the island. The area is typically inhabited by affluent families, ambassadors and expatriates residing in compounds, large villas or gated communities.

Originally a farm land, Saar is greener than urban residential areas in Bahrain with less traffic movement in its neighbourhoods.

PUBLIC HOLIDAYS

Most public holidays are dates that are of importance in the Islamic calendar.

The Islamic calendar started from the year 622AD, the year of Prophet Mohammed’s journey (Hijra) from Mecca to Medina.

The Islamic year is called the Hijri year and denoted by AH. The Hijri year is based on lunar months and is 11 to 12 days shorter than the Gregorian calendar.

Religious public holidays therefore fall upon different dates in the Gregorian calendar on a year-to-year basis (approximately 11 days earlier each year).

As the start of religious holidays are based on the sighting of the moon, quite often holidays 

that occur at the beginning of an Islamic month are only announced officially 12 hours before the start of the holiday.

This often leads to great uncertainty on the part of schools and business establishments, and has occasionally resulted in one or other of the neighbouring countries deciding to start the holiday a day before the rest of the Gulf states, which leads to all sorts of confusion.  

Holidays such as New Year and National Day follow the Gregorian calendar.

ANNUAL EVENTS

Bahrain is host to many conventions and high level meetings but has limited recurring annual events.

The main two are National Day (16 December)

and the Bahrain Formula 1 Grand Prix, which is held during the first quarter of the year.

  • Various celebrations take place on National Day, including sporting, cultural and leisure activities. The day ends with an address by HH King Hamed at the National Stadium, accompanied by various national displays and a massive fireworks display.
  • The Bahrain F1 Grand Prix, the only one in the region, is the highlight of the sporting calendar in Bahrain. This international, world-class event lasts three days, Friday to Sunday, and attracts people from all corners of the world. The Bahrain authorities relax visa requirements for the event and make every effort to streamline the organisation and ensure the success of the race, although track-side facilities still leave much to be desired. The circuit, which first opened for the 2004 event, also hosts a number of other racing events throughout the year.

 

Sharia Law in Bahrain

Bahrain’s law is based on the Islamic system of law known as Sharia (or Shari’a or Shariah). However it is less strictly enforced than in some other Gulf countries.

The law is derived from four sources:

  • the Holy Koran (Qu’ran), Sunnah, Ijma and Qiyas.
  • The Holy Koran, being the word of God (Allah), is the principal source.
  • The Sunnah comprises the accepted deeds and statements of the Prophet Mohammed, accepted by the whole Islamic world (the Ummah),
  • Ijma is a consensus among religious scholars (the Ulema) regarding solutions to matters not specifically covered in either the Koran or the Sunnah.
  • In difficult cases, where there’s no information to provide the basis for a clear decision, ‘analogous consideration’ (Qiyas) is applied in conjunction with the three other sources of the law.

In Sharia law, as in other legal systems, a person is presumed innocent until proven guilty.

The plaintiff and defendant are equal before the law – i.e. in a court of law – and it’s incumbent upon the former to provide proof of guilt. This involves producing two or four eyewitnesses, depending on the seriousness of the crime.

If a plaintiff isn’t able to produce eyewitnesses, he can insist on the defendant swearing an oath as to his innocence.

If the defendant refuses to take this oath, he’s judged to be guilty, as perjurers suffer hellfire and eternal damnation according to Muslim belief

. Jews and Christians swear a different oath, but it has equal validity.

A judge (qadi) presides over the court and can put questions to all parties at will.

There are no juries and often no lawyers to present the case for their clients.

There are systems of appeal, which can be used in cases of serious crime and punishment.

According to ancient law, the payment of ‘blood money’ (diya) for injury or death can be requested by the victim’s family as compensation.

The amount of blood money required varies between the states (it’s most likely to be exacted in Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and the UAE) and according to the circumstances of the death and to the extent of the hardship that the death will cause.

For example, the death of a father of 12 would attract a larger payment than that of a child.

A local Muslim’s life will be assessed for a larger financial benefit than people of other religions, faiths or nationalities.

For example, in Saudi Arabia, a male Muslim’s life is worth SR100,000 (around $24,000), but Christans  are worth only around half as much.

And if the incident occurs in the Holy month of Ramadan, the penalty is usually doubled.

Under Sharia law, the crimes that carry defined penalties are murder, apostasy (rejection or desertion of Islam), adultery, fornication, homosexuality and theft.

Interpretations of the law and punishments vary from state to state.

Lesser offences might include debt, usury, alcohol and drug abuse, and use of pornography.

As an expatriate, you’re subject, of course, to the laws of the country you’re in.

If you’re thought to have broken a law, you’re taken under arrest to a police station, questioned and instructed to make a statement.

Up to this point, it’s highly unlikely that you will be allowed access to outside help, either legal or consular.

If the offence is deemed serious enough to warrant your detention, you might have to wait some time before your case comes up.

You will be allowed legal representation, but everything will be conducted in Arabic.

Your statement will be translated into Arabic, and it’s important to insist that an appropriate official, e.g. a member of staff from your consulate, checks the accuracy of the translation and the content of anything you’re required to sign.

If no one is available to do this, you should refuse to sign, or sign with an endorsement to the effect that you don’t have a clear understanding of the document.

In court, an interpreter will be present to assist you and an official from your embassy or consulate is likely to be present, although only as an observer.

If you’re found guilty, the judge will sentence you and ask for your written acceptance of the sentence, unless you want to appeal.

Appeals obviously go to higher courts, depend a great deal on the severity of the accusation and sentencing, and can take time.

In very serious cases, political influence might be brought to bear on your behalf, provided that your country has sufficient influence, but this is rare. Having influence with a person in authority can be of help to you, although expatriates rarely have such influence.

Locals, on the other hand, may be able to petition their ruler to seek his guidance and help. In minor cases, your employer might intervene to help, particularly if you’re valuable to him, as long as he won’t lose face.

If you’re unfortunate enough to be given a custodial sentence, this is intended as a punishment rather than rehabilitation.

If you’re found guilty of a serious crime, you may find yourself in a hot, overcrowded prison, where treatment is often harsh and you might have to witness the punishment of others, including their flogging.

Non-Muslim expatriates sometimes regard Sharia law as unbending and overly punitive, which it often is by western standards – and for good reason. Expatriates are largely expendable commodities and, if you’ve engaged in criminal activity, you’re sent home after punishment.

the legal system is similar throughout the Gulf, there are variations from state to state, as outlined below.

The legal system in Bahrain is based on several threads of Sharia law and some components of British civil law, largely introduced by advisers in the 1920s during the British ‘protectorate’ period, before complete independence in 1971.

The Bahrain Constitution directed that the judiciary be an independent and separate branch of the administration, headed by the Minister of Justice and Islamic Affairs, who is appointed by the Prime Minister. The Emir is the ultimate authority over the legal system and the right of pardon.

The civil court, which operates a system of summary courts and a supreme court, deals with both civil and criminal actions.

The Sharia court handles divorce, matrimonial disputes, jurisdictional cases, inheritance judgements and cases concerning private material matters. The Supreme Court of Appeal is the highest authority for appealing against judgements, although the Emir might become involved in certain instances.

 

 TAXIS & BUS SERVICES IN BAHRAIN

TAXIS

There are plenty of taxis in Bahrain, you can flag them down on the street.

The taxicabs are easy to identify, they have orange markings and carry a 'Taxi' sign on the roof.

Taxi service in Bahrain is government regulated, but the actual taxis are privately owned.

Regardless of the type of car, the fare on the meter is identical. Taxis are easily identified by orange panels on the front and rear wings.

Taxis to and from the airport are subject to a BD1 surcharge. On the meter, a ride from the airport to Manama should cost in the region of BD3. A journey within Manama should not run to more than BD2 on the meter.

Generally, taxi drivers have a good knowledge of Bahrain’s roads and are unlikely to get lost.

However, they may speak only basic English.

At peak times, taxis can become overbooked, so it is worth planning ahead if you want to make use of their services, especially in the early morning or mid-afternoon. You can ask the driver for a printed receipt, should you require it.

Tips are not expected, but most customers offer 100 to 200 fils

BUSES

Bus service in Bahrain is privately run, which serves most of the country.

The buses are all air-conditioned and the service is cheap.

A ticket will cost only a few hundred fils, payable in cash (there are no prepaid passes available) and buses are reasonably frequent.

Buses are primarily used by the expatriate workforce and are not geared up for the tourist industry.

Cars Transport Corporation (commonly known as Cars) offers around 40 air-conditioned buses that offer comfortable rides with services that run from 5 am to 12 midnight. 

Water

Be aware that water can be more expensive than electricity, and with water being a scarce resource you may find you are visited by a Ministry official if your usage is deemed excessive.

You are not advised to drink the tap water unless you live in Awali, but water bottled in five gallon containers are easily available from supermarkets and once you are settled you can have these delivered weekly to your house.

 

un site pour les divertissements  ! www.halabahrain.com/
 

L'île de Bahreïn est un royaume du Moyen-Orient, entouré de l'Arabie Saoudite à l'ouest et du Qatar à l'est.

Un pont d'une longueur de 26 km le relie à l'Arabie Saoudite depuis 1986.


Située au nord du pays,
Manama, la capitale, est une ville ultra-moderne où dominent les gratte-ciel à l'architecture futuriste, comme le Bahrain World Trade Center qui s'élève à 240 m ou le Bahrain Financial Harbour, haut de 260 m.

Le quartier des souks est annoncé par une construction blanche faisant office de porte appelée « Bab al Bahreïn ». Là, un dédale de ruelles emmène le voyageur vers le souk de l'or ou celui aux épices qui met tous les sens en éveil.

Plus loin, le Musée national mérite une visite pour ses neuf halls qui possèdent chacun un thème différent, par exemple l'histoire du pays pour l'un, l'archéologie pour l'autre, etc.

La Maison du Coran ou « Beit Al Quran » renferme des manuscrits très rares, datant du VIIème au XIIème siècle, et une version du Coran du XVIIème siècle. Ce lieu incontournable se compose également d'une mosquée, d'une bibliothèque, d'un auditorium et d'un musée.


En périphérie, le site archéologique de Qal'at Bahreïn
, classé par l'UNESCO, est l'une des principales attractions historiques du pays. Au sommet d'une colline haute de 12 m se dresse un impressionnant fort portugais, le Qal'at al-Burtughal, datant du XVIème siècle.


La ville de Juffair, située au nord-est de la capitale, abrite l'une des plus grandes mosquées du monde, la mosquée Al Fateh, dont la capacité d'accueil est de 7000 personnes.

Sa coupole est surmontée d'un dôme immense fabriqué en fibre de verre et pesant 60 tonnes. L'édifice religieux, construit en 1987, se trouve à proximité du palais royal, demeure de Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifah. Le lieu de culte est ouvert à la visite tous les jours, sauf le vendredi.


Le coeur du pays cache une merveille de la nature... le Shajarat al-Hayah ou « arbre de vie ». Il s'agit plus exactement d'un acacia, vieux de 400 ans, qui continue à pousser en plein désert, alors que personne ne peut expliquer comment il s'alimente en eau.

 

Festivités - dates à trouver pour 2011

1er janvier : Jour de l'An.
21 janvier : Eid-ul-Adha.
10 février : Al-Hijri.
19 février : Ashoora.
20 avril : Anniversaire du prophète Mahomet.
3 novembre : fin du ramadam (Eid Al Fitr).
16 décembre : Fête Nationale.

Le jeudi après-midi et le vendredi sont chômés.
Pendant le Ramadan, il est interdit de manger, boire et fumer en public, même en voiture. La consommation d'alcool reste possible dans les hôtels et les restaurants.
Le tourisme est encore rare et cher.


Le Bahreini reste attaché à ses traditions. Il aime fumer la chicha (pipe à eau) et passer du temps à discuter avec ses amis.
Les Bahreinis pratiquent la chasse au faucon dans le désert.


Les courses de chevaux sont très populaires dans le pays. Certaines sont organisées en plein désert.

ll existe des restrictions à la photographie. Demandez la permission aux hommes avant de les photographier et éviter de prendre les femmes en photo.


La meilleure période pour se rendre à Bahrein s'étend de novembre à avril, car les températures y sont agréables (de 15°C à 24°C).
La période la moins favorable dure de fin avril à fin octobre en raison de la chaleur torride.


Muharraq :
En janvier, de 14°C à 20°C.
En mars, de 18°C à 24°C.
En mai, de 26°C à 33°C.
En juillet, de 31°C à 37°C.
En septembre, de 29°C à 36°C.
En décembre, de 17°C à 22°C.

 

Le climat est de type désertique, très chaud et humide d'avril à octobre (+ 38°C).

L'archipel est relativement bien arrosé, ce qui permet à la végétation de pousser.

Les pluies de la saison fraîche, de décembre à mars, s'accompagnent souvent du chamal (vent fort du nord-est) ou du cherqui (vent du sud-est).

De novembre à fin avril, les températures sont douces le jour, mais les nuits sont fraîches.


Bahrein est un pays composé de 33 îles proches de la côte orientale du golfe Persique.

Connu pour être le plus petit État de la péninsule Arabique, le royaume de Bahrein est une monarchie constitutionnelle gérée par la dynastie Al-Khalifa qui règne depuis 1783.


Météo                  monde.meteofrance.com/monde/previsions


Un site pour visiter Bahrain

www.galenfrysinger.com/bahrain_artifacts.htm

 


Publié à 21:58, le 14/12/2010, dans Bahrain,
Mots clefs : rites musulmansMonumentstransports
.. Lien


Nouvelle ville, nouveaux mariés, et fête musulmane malaise

 

 

Dimanche 3 octobre 2010

Nous voilà partis de notre hôtel, Jalan Petaling, nous y reviendrons à la fin du mois ...En attendant cap sur Malacca. C'est toujours un peu difficile d'affronter à nouveau l'inconnu.

Le fameux bus "qui n'a pas de numéro" n'a qu'une destination : La gare routière...

En arrivant à la gare routière, la première chose que l'on nous demande : Malacca ? Et nous voilà dirigés vers un car, super confortable avec des sièges GÉANTS... comme je n'en ai jamais vu, dans un car , dont les dossiers peuvent s'incliner un maximum, avec des repose pieds géants..; On se croirait dans une pub pour les fauteuils « everstyle » ?

 

le départ fut un peu difficile : Annoncé à 8 h....Nous sommes partis à 9... Par contre, nous avions entendu parler de 2 h de route et nous n'en avons eu qu'une !!

Nous arrivons à Malacca Sentral : La gare routière... Taxi 15 MR pour arriver jusqu'à Emily's guest house où nous avons réservé une chambre. Malik and Jay, deux frères ont bâti la maison.

 Guest House Emily

 

Après avoir passé un moment paisible dans cette guesthouse pleine de charmes, jardin exotique, bassin avec énormes poissons...nous sommes partis à la découverte de la ville !

Nous visitons  un  immense mall... Climatisé donc et assez "désert" pour "déjeuner". Nous allons au "Garden Cafe"  : Plat de pâtes pour chouchou et soupe pour moi : 16, 92 RM

Ensuite nous allons faire un tour et le tir à l'arc nous rattrape !

 

.

 

C'est marrant de voir une animation de tir à l'arc au milieu d'un centre commercial. Cela me fait penser aux heures que j'ai passées devant Lyon Archerie du temps, où ils étaient installés à la Porte des Alpes.

 

Nous trouvons la colline St Paul... L'ancien fort hollandais, où nous avons trouvé des mariés qui prenaient des photos.... Comme à Hanoi !! !

Un peu plus tard,nous avons entendu de la musique et nous avons cru que c'était le mariage !

En fait, nous sommes arrivés dans un endroit où on nous a invité à entrer !

Nous avons découvert beaucoup plus tard que c'était le quartier de la police !!! Un grand nombre de gens sous des tentes faisaient la fête : Hari Raya, la fin du ramadan..

 

 

 

 

Nous avions vu la fin du Ramadan à Padang Bai, mais en Malaisie, il semble qu'il y ait une fête spéciale !

 

Après un moment de prière dans la matinée,  c'est la visite aux tombes familiales avant de faire la fête.

C'est aussi la fête des enfants qui sont gâtés ce jour là..... ce qui explique sans doute le concours de déguisements que nous avons vu et les récompenses attribuées à tous les enfants qui y avaient participé.

 

 

 

Les hommes sont en costumes traditionnels malais et nous avons la chance de voir et d'entendre un groupe de jeunes interprétant de la musique traditionnelle malaise, qui nous a beaucoup rappelé le kecak de Bali (Hommes assis en rond et chantant de façon très syncopée, avec des gestes de bras ! Très rythmé)

Je me demandais s'il y avait des transes ! Ce ne fut pas le cas... aujourd'hui !

Au retour, nous repassons par le mall qui est immense et  par bien des côtés Malacca nous rappelle Doha, (constructions, malls commerciaux, espaces verts ou aménagement pour l'ombre).

 

Autant le centre commercial était tranquille à 14 h, autant il y avait du monde quand nous y sommes repassés vers 18 h. J'ai ainsi découvert que cela faisait partie de cette fête !

les centres commerciaux proposent des réductions à l'occasion de cette fête ! 

 

 

 Malaisie : Recettes de cuisine

http://www.asie360.com/cuisine/recettes/soupe-malaisienne-agneau-sup-kambin-f387.html

 

 


Publié à 02:37, le 3/10/2010, dans Malaisie, Malacca
Mots clefs : Tir à l'arcrites musulmansreligions
.. Lien


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